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Luine park archaelogical site

The Park embraces a broad green area in the territories of Darfo Boario Terme and Angolo Terme, where two archaeological sites are placed: Luine and Fresh Horns.
The Luine archaeological area, on a high position over the town of Darfo B.T., has exposed not only numerous rock engravings, but also some likely remains of cult places, bottoms of huts and dry-stone walls, which could testify the presence of a “shrine” used by one or more prehistoric communities for group ceremonies.
On the outcrops of characteristically purple “Simona” rock, more than 100 rocks are decorated.
At Luine one can see the ancient-most rock engravings of the Camunian cycle, dating back to the Mesolithic period, made perhaps by semi-nomadic hunters who utilized the valley as gaming territory at the end of the big glaciations. Later the zone was forsaken, to become again an engraved cult place about the end of the Neolithic and especially in the Bronze and Iron Ages.
The main rocks are furnished with information panels and all the paths are well marked and maintained. We emphasize the importance of great Rock 34, notable for its historic and artistic worth. It is a huge, slanted surface almost fully covered with engraved figures, embracing the entire Camunian rock art cycle: from the big outlined animal figure datable to about 10,000 years ago, to the Iron Age warriors of the 1st millennium BCE. Nearly all of the Camunian inventory is concentrated on this rock, which is considered among the most beautiful of Camonica Valley. On the upper part one can trace the silhouettes of big, square-bodied warriors (almost a metre tall) dating to the late Iron Age; below you can find large grids next to smaller figures of duellists. You can also see clearly some enigmatic figures: a meander, a labyrinth and a Camunian rose, while a protruding knob hosts a composition of Bronze Age weapons. On clear winter days, the view from the lower part of this rock is breath-taking!
Still at Luine an important Neolithic phase is documented, but beside that a most remarkable collection of figures depicting weapons and geometric compositions from the Copper and Bronze Age. Among the latter stand out doubtless representations of halberds, uncommon objects of prestige that were in use until the ancient Bronze Age (at the start of the 2nd millennium BCE).

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